For only the second time in history, cases of rape and gender violence in conflict are being tried in a domestic court. The trial of Former Libyan Prime Minister Al Baghdadi al-Mahmoudi began November 12, 2012. He has been charged with ordering mass rape during the Arab Spring revolution last year.
It is difficult to estimate the number of cases of rape and gender violence that occurred during the revolution in Libya due to underreporting; however, many international experts estimate that the numbers were quite high.
In a report to the U.N. Security Council, former International Criminal Court (ICC) Chief Prosecutor Luis Moreno-Ocampo stated that, “while it is premature to draw conclusions on specific numbers, the information and evidence indicates that hundreds of rapes occurred during the conflict.”
During a statement to the UN Security Council, current ICC Chief Prosecutor Fatou Bensouda called on the new government of Libya "to ensure that there is no amnesty for international crimes and no impunity for crimes, regardless of who the perpetrator is and who is the victim."
Gaddafi's ex-PM on trial in Libya over mass rape, graft, Reuters Canada, 12 November 2012.
Conflict Profiles: Libya, Women Under Siege Project.
Hague prosecutor urges Libya not to grant amnesty for war crimes, Reuters, 7 November 2012.